68.13 BIBLIOGRAFÍA.

 

         LIBROS Y PONENCIAS.

  • Algaba J, Camacho JJ, Navarro JJ. El ronquido y la apnea de sueño. VIII Reunión Anual de la Sociedad Vasca de ORL. Bilbao 25-26 de noviembre de 1994. Barcelona: JR Prous Editores; 1994.
  • American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Diagnostic and coding manual. 2nd Edition. Westchester, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; 2005. International classification of sleep disorders.
  • Bluestone CD. Pediatric otolaryngology. Philadelphia: Saudenrs. 1990.Chouard CH. Vaincre le ronflement et retrouver la forme. Paris: Ramsay Garamont, 1986.
  • Dejean Y, Chouard CH, Billiard M, Bobin S, Carlander B, Chabolle F, Crampette L, Fleury B, DeLarminat JM, Meyer B, Morgon A, Pessey JJ, Simon C, Triglia JM, Truy E. La rhonchopathie chronique ronflement er syndrome d´apnea du sommeil. Paris: Arnette; 1993.
  • Fairbanks DNF,  Fujita S, Ikematsu T, Simmons FB. Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. New York: Raven Press; 1987.
  • Fairbanks DNF, Mickelson S, Woodson. Snoring and Obstructive Apnea Syndrome.3th Ed 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Guerra A. El roncar se va a acabar. Guía práctica para remedio de roncadores y consuelo de sus víctimas. Madrid: Nuer ediciones; 1992.Guilleminault C, Dement WC. Sleep apnea syndromes. Alan R. Liss, New  York 1978.
  • Mosley JL. Snore no more. InSíndrome de apnea obstructiva de sueño. Libro del año 1992. Edi. Saned 1992; 67-88.
  • Quesada Marín P, Perelló Scherdel E, Lorente Guerrero J. Roncopatía crónica. Síndrome de apnea obstructiva de sueño. Ponencia oficial del XVII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad ternational Scene Publication & Distribution Company. Cleveland, 1990.Quesada P, Martinez Bayón MJ, Pedro Botet J, Roca A, Perello E. Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. Editorial Garsi: Madrid; 1998.
  • Sulsenti G, Palma P. I disordini ostruttivi respiratori nel sonno. Le roncopatie rinogene. AOOI. Bologna; 1996.
  • Vaarjes Saint-Drôme O. El roncador domesticat. Petita enciclopêdia Pràctica per a ús  dels roncadors i les seves victimes. Barcelona: La Campana, 1991.
  • Vicini C, editor. Textbook of Snoring and Sleep Apnea Surgery. Lucca: Eureka; 2007.

                                                  

   Capítulo 01   Introducción.

  • Amarican Sleep Disorder Association. International classificarion if sleep disorders. Diagnostic and coding manual. Rochester, Minesota 1990.
  • Casas Rojo JM, Fernández Sánchez-Alarcos JM, Alvarez-Sala Walther JL. Alteraciones de la ventilación alveolar. Síndrome de apnea del sueño. En Díaz-Rubio M, Espinós D, eds. Tratado de Medicina Interna. Madrid: Editorial Médica Panamericana 1994; 607-614.
  • Gislason T, Almqvist M, Eriksson G, Taube AbomanG. Prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome amongswedishmen. An epidemiological study. J Clin Epidemiol 1988; 41:571-576.
  • Guilleminault C, Eldrige FL, Dement WC. Insomnia with sleep apnes. A new syndrome. Science 1973; 181:856-858.
  • Koopmann CF Jr, Moran WB Jr..Sleep apnea:an historical perspective. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1990; 23: 571-5.
  • Koskenvou M, Partinen M, Kaprio J. Snoring and disease. Ann Clin Res 1985; 17:247-251.
  • Llorente Arenas EM, Vicente Gonzalez EA, Martín Trigo JM, Naya Gálvez MJ. Cambios histológicos en el paladar blando en paciente con apnea obstructiva de sueño. Anales O.R.L. Iber-Amer. 2001; 5:467-476.
  • Lugaresi E, Cirignotta F, Coccagna G, Baruzzi ª Snoring and the Obstructive Apnea Syndrome. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1982;35[suppl]:421-430.
  • Olson EJ, Moore WR, Morgenthaler TI, Gay PC, Staats BA. Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome.Mayo Clin Proc. 2003; 78: 1545-52.
  • Stradling JR, Davies RJ. Sleep. 1: Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome: definitions, epidemiology, and natural history.Thorax. 2004; 59: 73-8.
  • Woodson BT. Examination of the upper aerways. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin Noth Am 1995; 7:257-267.
  • White DP. Central sleep apnea. En Kryger MH, Dement WC. (Eds). Principles and practice of sleep medicine. Saunders WB, Philadelphia 1989; 513-524.

                                                                             

   Capítulo 02   Epidemiología.

  • Boulware MH, Snoring, mew answers to an old problem. American Faculty Press, Rockaway, New Yersey 1974; 18.
  • Dugan H, Bedlam in the boudoir. Vollier´s 1947;22.
  • Gislason T, Almquist M, Eriksson G, Taube A. Boman G. Prevalence of sleep apnesyndrom in Swedisch men. An epidemiological study. J Clin Epidemiol 1988; 41:571-576.
  • He J, Kryger H, Zorich FJ, Conway W, Roth R. Mortality and apnea index in bostructive sleep apnea. Chest 1988; 94:9-14. [PubMed]
  • Jeong DU, Dimsdale JE. Sleep apnea and essential hypertension: A critical review of the epidemiological evidence for co-morbidity. Clin Exp Hypertens 1989; 11:1301-1323.
  •  Klink M, Quan SF. Prevalence of reported sleep disturbances ina a general adult population and their realtionship to obstructive airway disease. Chets 1987; 91:540-546.
  • Lugaresi E, Cirigotta F, Coccagna G, Baruzzi A. Snorring and the obstructive apnea syndrome. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1982; 35(Suppl.): 421-430.
  • Marín JM, Gascón JM, Carrizo S, Gispert J. Prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome in the Spanich adult population. Int J Epidemiol 1997; 26:381-386.
  • Peter JH, Fuchs E, Koehler U, Meyer J, Meizer K, Penzel T, Podszua T, Siegrist J. Von Lugaresi E, Cirignotta F, Montagna O. Snoring Pathogenic, clinical and therapeutic aspects. En: Kryger HM, Roth T, Dement WC (Eds). Principes and practice of sleep medicine. Saunders WB, Philadelphia 1989; 494-500.
  • Peter JH, Fuchs E, Koehler U, Meyer J, Meizer K, Penzel T, Podszua T, Siegrist J. Von Ip MS, Lam B, Tang LC, Lauder IJ, Ip TY, Lam WK. A community study of sleep-disordered breathing in middle-aged chinese women in Hong Kong: prevalence and gender differences. Chest. 2004; 125: 127-34.
  • Schmidt-Novara WW, Wiggins C, Skipper CE, Samet JM. Prevalende of sleep apnea in a population based sample of hispanic-american adults. Am Rev Respir Dips 1989; 139:A112.
  • Stradling JR. Obstructive sleep apnea: definitions, epidemiology and natural history. Thorax 1995; 50: 683-689.
  • Wichert P. Studies in the prevalence of sleep apnea activity (SAA): Evaluation of ambulatory screening results. Eur J Respir Dis 1986; 69(Suppl. 146): 451-458.
  • Udwadia ZF, Doshi AV, Lonkar SG, Singh CI. Prevalence of Sleep-disordered Breathing and Sleep Apnea in Middle-aged Urban Indian Men. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004; 169(2): 168-73.
  • Zamarrón C, Alvarez JM, Otero Y et al. Epidemiology of sleep apnea syndorme in people from 20 to 70 years of age. Eur Repir J 1995; 8(Suppl 19): 436.

                                                                       

   Capítulo 03   Etiologia.

  • Bayadi S, Millman RP, Tisher PV, Rosemberg C, Saliski W, Boucher M, Redline S. A family study of sleep apnea. Anatomic and physiologic interactions. Chest 1990; 98: 554-559.
  • Chaban R, Cole P, Hoffstein V et al. Site of upper airway obstruction in patinents with idiopathic obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope 1988; 98:641-7.
  • Gami AS, Caples SM, Somers VK. Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea.Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2003 Dec; 32(4): 869-94.
  • Kaynak D, Goksan B, Kaynak H, Degirmenci N, Daglioglu S. Is there a link between the severity of sleep-disorderedLamberg L. Familial link seen in obstructive sleep apnea.JAMA. 2003; 290(22): 2925-6.
  • Miller CM, Husain AM. Should women with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome be screened for hypothyroidism? Sleep Breath. 2003; 7: 185-8.
  • Phillips BG, Somers VK. Hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2003; 5:380-5.
  • Pirsig W. The nose and sleep-disordered breathing. Sleep Breath. 2003; 7(2):51-2.
  • Rajagopall KR, Abbrecht PH, Tellis CJ. Control of breathing in obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1984; 85:174-80.
  • Rajagopal KR, Abbrecht PH, Derderian SS, Picket C, Hofeldt F, Tellis CJ, Zwillich CW. Obstructive sleep apnea in hypothyroidism. Annals Intern Med 1984; 101:491-4.
  • Strhl KP, Saunders NA, Fieldman NT, Hallett M. Obstructive sleep apnea in family members. N Engl J Med 1978; 299: 969-973.
  • Wang X, Wang XX, Liang C, Yi B, Lin Y, Li ZL. Distraction osteogenesis in correction of micrognathia accompanying obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003; 112):1549-57.

                                                                                                                                                    

     Capítulo 04  Fisiopatologia.

  • Bradley TD, Rutherford R, Grossman RF et al. Role of daytume hipoxemia in the pathogenesis of right heart failure in the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Am Rev Respir Dis 1985; 131:835-839.
  • Bouton V. Ronflement d´origine nasale par mise en vibration du ligament salpingo-septal. J Francais d´Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie 1991; 40:175-178Ferguson KA, Fleetham JA. Conseqüences of sleep disorder breathing. Thorax 1995; 50:998-1004.
  • Fletcher EC De Behnke RD, Lovot MS et al. Undiagnosed sleep apnea in patients with essen hypertension. Ann Inter Med 1985; 103:190-195.
  • Guilleminault C, Conolly SJ, Winkle RA. Cardiac arrhytmias and conduction diusturbances during sleep in 400 patinets with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. AM J Cardiol 1983; 52:490-494.
  • Guyenet PG. Neural structures that mediate sympathoexcitation during hypoxia. Respir Physiol. 2000;121(2-3):147-62.
  • Kales A, Bixler EO, Cardieux RJ et al. Sleep apnoea in a hypertensive population. Lancet 1984; 2:1005-1008.
  • Katsantonis GP, Moss K, Miyazaki S, Walsh J. Determining the site of airway collapse in obstructive sleep apnea with airway pressure monitoring.Laryngoscope. 1993; 103: 1126-31.
  • Koskenvuo M, Kaprio J, Partinen M, Laginvainio H, Sama S, Heikkikla K. Shoring as a risk factor for hypertension and angina pectoris. Lancet 1985; 1:893-895.
  • Lavie P, Ben-Yosef R, Rubin AE. Prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome among patients with essential hypertension. Am Heart J 1984; 108:373-376.
  • Miljeteig H, Hoffstein V, Cole P. The effect of unilateral and bilateral nasal obstruction on snoring and sleep apnea. Laryngoscope 1992; 102:1150-1152.
  • Orcel B, Fleury B, Derenne JPh. Du ronflement au syndrome d´apnèes du sommeil. Rev Mal Resp 1990; 7:425-432.
  • Piche J, Gagnon NB. Snoring, apnea, and nasal resistance.J Otolaryngol. 1996; 25: 150-4.
  • Scrima L et al. Increased severity of obstructive apnea after bedtime alcohol ingestion: diagnostic potential and proposed mechanism of action. Sleep 1982; 5: 319-328.
  • Shepard JW Jr, Garrison M, Grither D. Et al. Hemodynamic responses to O2 desaturation in bostructive sleep apnea. An Rev Respir Dis 1985; 131:A106.S
  • hepard JW Jr Gas exhange and hemodynamics during sleep. Med Clin North Am 1985; 69:1243-1263.
  • Willard B, Moran Jr. Obstructive sleep apnea. Raven Press Ltd, New York 1987.
  • Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Bard S. The occurrence of sleep disordered breathing among meddle aged adults. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 1230-1235.
  • M et al. Taponamiento nasal posterior y apnea de sueño. Am J Rhinol 1993; 3:42-5.
  • Zwillich CE, Pickett C, Hanson FN, et all. Disturbed sleep and prolonged apnea during nasal obstrution in normal men. Am Rev Respir Dis 1981; 124:158-60.

                                                        

     Capítulo 05  Historia clinica y exploracion.

  • Battagel JM, Johal A, Kotecha BT. Sleep nasendoscopy as a predictor of treatment success in snorers using mandibular advancement splints. Journ Laryngol Otol. 2005;119:106–112. [PubMed]
  • Berry-Borowiecki B, Kukwa A, Blanks R. Cephalometric analysis for diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope 1988;98:226-34.
  • Carrasco llatas M, Dalmau Galofre J, Lopez Martinez R, et al. Our findings in the sleep endoscopy exams. Acta Otorinolaringol Esp. 2005;56:17–21. [PubMed]
  • Croft CB, Pringle M. Sleep nasendoscopy: a technique of assessment in snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 1991;16(5):504-9.
  • D'Urzo AD, Lawson VG, Vassal KP, Rebuck AS, Slutsky AS, Hoffstein V. Airway area by acoustic response measurements and computerized tomography. Am Rev Respir Dis 1987;135:392-5.
  • Fredberg JJ, Wohl ME, Glass GM, Dorkin HL. Airway area by acoustic reflections measured at the mouth. J Appl Physiol. 1980;48:749-58.
  • Gastaut H, Tassinari CA, Duron B. Etude polygraphique des manifestations épisodiques (hypniques e respiratoires) du syndrome de Pickwick. Rev Neurol 1965; 112: 568-579.
  • Guerin P, Lasenecal L. Pharyngeal and bronchial endoscopic study in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea syndrome. Presse Med. 1992;11:249–252. [PubMed]
  • Guilleminault C, Mondini S. Need for multidianostic approaches vefore considering treatment in obstructive sleep apnea. Bull Physiopathol Respir 1983; 19:583-569.
  • Haponik EF, Smith PL, Bohlman ME, et al. Computed tomography in obstructive sleep apnea: correlation of airway size with physiology during sleep and wakefulness. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:221-226.
  • Hessel NS, Vries N. Role of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty after diagnostic workup with polysomnography and sleep endoscopy: a report of 136 snoring patients. Eur Arch Otoorhinolaryngol. 2003;260:91–95. [PubMed]
  • Issa FG, Sullivan CE. Upper airway closing pressures in snorers. J Appl Physiol 1984; 57: 528-535.
  • Katsantonis GP, Walsh JK. Somnofluoroscopy: its role in the selection of candidates for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1986; 94: 56-60.
  • Lyberg T, Krogstad 0, Djupesland G. Cephalometric analysis in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: II. Soft tissue morphology. J Laryngol Otol 1989;103:293-7.
  • Pringle MB, Croft CB. A grading system for patients with obstructive sleep apnea: based on sleep nasendoscopy. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 1993;18:480–484. [PubMed]
  • Riley R, Guilleminault C, Herran J, Powell N. Cepahlometric analyses and flour volume loops in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Sleep 1983; 6:304-307.
  • Sampson MG, Wu CP, Hahn P. Body weight as a predictor of sleep apnea in snorers.Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 129:56.
  • Soldatos CR, Kales JD, Scharf MB, Bixler EO, Kales A. Coigarette smoking associated with sleep difficulty. Science 1980; 270: 551-552.
  • Suratt PM, Dee P Atkinson RL et al. Gluoroscopic and computed tomographic features of the pharingeal airway in obstrutive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:487-492.
  • Hoffstein V, Fredberg JJ. The acoustic reflection technique for non-invasive assessment of upper airway area. Eur Respir J. 1991;4:602-11.
  • Shepard JW, Gefter WB, Guilleminault C et al. Evaluacition of the upper airway in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep 1991; 14:361-371.
  • Berry RB, Desa MM, Ligth RW. Effect of ethanol on efficacy on nasal contonuos pressure positive airway as a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1991; 99:339-343.
  • Marín Trifo JM, Arán Co a X, Barbé Illa F, et al. Diagnóstico y tratamiento del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS). Arch Bronconeumol 1993; 29.
  • Luis B, Glass G, Kresen B, Fredberg J. Airway area by acoustic reflection: the two-microphone method. J Biomech Eng. 1993;115:278-85.
  • Sériès F, St Pierre S, Carrier G. Surgical correction of nasal obstruction in the treatment of mild sleep apnoea: importance of cephalometry in predicting aoutcome. Thorax 1993; 48:360-363.
  • American Sleep Disorders Associaciation and Sleep Society. Practice parametrers for the use of portable recording in the assessment of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep 1994; 17: 372-377.
  • Barbé F, Amilibia J, Capote F et al. Diagnóstico del síndrome de apnea obstructivas durante el sueño. Informe de consenso del área de insuficiencia respiratoria y trastornos del sueño. Arch Bronconeumol 1995; 31: 460-462.
  • Cordero PJ, Soler JJ, Greses JV, Rogado MC. Síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño. JANO 1994; XL.VII: 51-65.
  • Dirección Provincial de Madrid. Terapias de soporte respiratorio a domicilio. Madrid: Instituto Nacional de la Salud. 1997.
  • Flemons WW, Whitelaw WA, Brant R, Remmers JE. Likelihood ratios for a sleep apnea clinical prediction rule. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994; 150: 1279-1285.
  • Fransson AM, Tegelberg A, Svenson BA, Wenneberg B, Isacsson G. Validation of measurements of mandibular protrusion in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring with a mandibular protruding device.Eur J Orthod. 2003;25:377-83.
  • Guilleminault C. Clinical features and evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea. En: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC (eds). Priniples and practice of sleep medicine, 2nded. Phuladelphia: WB Saunders Co. 1994: 667-677.
  • Rabelo FAW, Braga A, Küpper DS, et al. Propofol-induced sleep: polysomnographic evaluation of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and controls. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010;142:218–224. [PubMed]
  • Roblin G, Williams AR, Whittet H. Target-controlled infusion in sleep endoscopy. Laryngoscope. 2001;111:175–176. [PubMed]
  • Rose E, Thissen U, Otten JE, Jonas I.Cephalometric assessment of the posterior airway space in patients with cleft palate after palatoplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2003; 40:498-503.
  • Sériès F, St Pierre S, Carrier G. Surgical correction of nasal obstruction in the treatment of mild sleep apnoea: importance of cephalometry in predicting aoutcome. Thorax 1993; 48:360-363.
  • Sher AE, Thorpy MJ, Shprintzen RJ, et al. Predictive value of Muller maneuver in selection of patients for uvulopalatopharyngoplaty. Laryngoscope. 1985;95:1483–1487. [PubMed]
  • Yu X, Fujimoto K, Urushibata K, Matsuzawa Y, Kubo K. Cephalometric analysis in obese and nonobese patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Chest. 2003; 124:212-8.

                                                      

   Capítulo 06  Diagnóstico.

  • Carroll JL, Loughlin GM. Diagnostic criteria for obstructive sleep syndrome in children. Pediatr Pulmonol 1992;14:71-4.
  • Coleman RM. Twelve periodic movements in sleep nocturnal myoclonus and restless legs syndrome. Addison-Wesley, Menlo Park 1982; 265-93.
  • Chesson AL Jr, Berry RB, Pack A; American Academy of Sleep Medicine; American Thoracic Society; American College of Chest Physicians. Practice parameters for the use of portable monitoring devices in the investigation of suspected obstructive sleep apnea in adults. Sleep. 2003; 1;26:907-13.
  • Doi Y, Inoue Y, Minowa M, Uchiyama M, Okawa M. Periodic leg movements during sleep in Japanese community-dwelling adults based on the assessments of their bed partners. J Epidemiol. 2003; 13:259-65.
  • Epstein LJ, Kristo D, Strollo PJ, et al. Clinical guideline for the evaluation, management and long-term care of obstructive sleep apnea in adults. Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Task Force of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. J Clin Sleep Med. 2009;5:263–276. [PubMed]
  • Faught E. Clinical presentations and phenomenology of myoclonus. Epilepsia. 2003; 44 Suppl 11:7-12.
  • Kurtz D.Organization of sleep laboratory. Eur Resp J 1990;3,Suppl 11,511s.
  • Walsh JK, Chambers GW, Corder JC, Katsantonis GP, Schweitzer PK. Obstructive sleep apnea. Diagnosis, treatment and pathophysiology.Mo Med. 1986; 83: 27-32.
  • Wang Y, Teschler T, Weinreich G, Hess S, Wessendorf TE, Teschler H.  Validation of microMESAM(R) as Screening Device for Sleep Disordered Breathing. Pneumologie. 2003; 57:734-40.

                                                                                  

   Capítulo 07.   Complicaciones generales. 

  • Israel S, DuHamel ER, Stepnowsky C, Engler R, Cohen-Zion M, Marler M. The relationship between congestive heart failure, sleep apnea, and mortality in older men. Chest. 2003; 124: 1400-5.
  • Baseti C, Aldrich MS. Sleep apnea in acute cerebrovascular disease: final report in 128 patients. Sleep 1999; 22:217-223.
  • Blum RH, McGowan FX. Chronic upper airway obstruction and cardiac dysfunction: anatomy, pathophysiology and anesthetic implications.Paediatr Anaesth. 2004; 14: 75-83.
  • Culebras A. Cerebrovascular disease and sleep.Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2004;4(2):164-9.
  • Culebras A. Are patients with obstructive sleep apnea at an increased risk of stroke or death? Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2006;2(6):306-7.
  • Culebras A. Cerebrovascular disease and the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2007;7(2):173-9.
  • Fletcher EC. Cardiovascular effects of continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep. 2000;15;23 Suppl 4:S154-7.
  • Franklin K, Nilsson J, Sahilin C. Sleep apnea in nocturnal angina. Lancet 1995; 345:1065-1087.
  • Hatipoglu U, Rubinstein I. Inflammation and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome pathogenesis: a working hypothesis. Respiration. 2003; 70: 665-71.
  • Shepherd J. Cardiorespiratory changes in obstructive sleep apnea.In Kryger M, Rhoh T, Dement W (eds): Principles and Practices of Sleep Medicine. Philadelphia, WB Saunders 1989:537-551.
  • Palomaki H. Snoring and the risk of ischemic brain infarction. Stroke. 1991;22(8):1021-5.
  • Guilleminault C. ST segment abnormality, angina during sleep and obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep 1993; 16:5558-559.
  • Peled N, Abinader EG, Pilliar G, Sharif D, Lavie P. Nocturnal ischemic events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and ischemic heart disease: effects of continuous positive air pressure tratment. J. Am Coll Cardiol 1999; 34: 1744-1749.
  • Lavie P, Herer P, Hoffstein V. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome as a risk factor for hypertension population study. BJM 2000; 320: 479-482.
  • Leung RST, Bradley D. sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Am Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 164:2. 174-165.
  • Mooe T, Rabben T, Wiklund U, Franklin KA, Eriksson P. Sleep-disordered breathing in women: occurrence and association with coronary artery disease. Am J Med. 1996;101(3):251-6.
  • Munoz R, Duran-Cantolla J, Martínez-Vila E, Gallego J, Rubio R, Aizpuru F, De La Torre G. Severe sleep apnea and risk of ischemic stroke in the elderly. Stroke. 2006;37(9):2317-21.
  • Mooe T, Franklin KA, Wiklund U, Rabben T, Holmstrom K. Sleep-disordered breathing and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. Chest. 2000 Jun;117(6):1597-602.
  • Mooe T, Franklin KA, Holmstrom K, et al. Sleep-disordered breathing and coronary artery disease: long-term prognosis. Am J respir Crit Care Med 2001;164:1910-1913.
  • Munoz R, Duran-Cantolla J, Martínez-Vila E, Gallego J, Rubio R, Aizpuru F, De La Torre G. Severe sleep apnea and risk of ischemic stroke in the elderly. Stroke. 2006;37(9):2317-21.
  • Neau JP, Paquereau J, Meurice JC, Chavagnat JJ, Gil R. Stroke and sleep apnoea: cause or consequence? Sleep Med Rev. 2002;6(6):457-69.
  • Szucs A. Neurological aspects of some sleep disorders. Ideggyogy Sz. 2004; 20;57(3-4):107-10.
  • Yaggi HK, Concato J, Kernan WN, Lichtman JH, Brass LM, Mohsenin V. Obstructive sleep apnea as a risk factor for stroke and death. N Engl J Med. 2005;10;353(19):2034-41.

                                                                   

   Capítulo 08   Tratamiento.

   TRATAMIENTO MEDICO POSTURAL Y ORTOPEDICO:

  • American Sleep Disorders Association. Practices parameters for the tratment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea xith oral appliances. Sleep 1995; 18:511-3.
  • Barbeau P, Johnson MH, Howe CA, et al. Ten months of exercise improves general and visceral adiposity, bone, and fitness in black girls. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007;15:2077–2085. [PubMed]
  • Bronwell LG, West P, Sweatman P, Acres JC, Kryger MH. Protriptyline in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. A double blind trial. N Engl J Med 1982; 307:1037-1042.
  • Bronwell LG, Pérez Padilla R, West P, Kryger MH. The role o protriptyline in obstructive sleep apnea. Bull Physiopathol Respir 1983; 19:621-624.
  • Carley DW, Olopade C, Ruigt GS, Radulovacki M. Efficacy of mirtazapine in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep. 2007;30:35–41. [PubMed]
  • De Groot WJ, Anch AM, Remmers JE. Acute and chronic effects of strychnieon upper airway obstruction during sleep. Am Rev Respir Dis 1980; 121:332.
  • Fergusson KA, Tkashi O, Lowe AA, Keenan SP, Fleetham JA. A randomized cross-over study of an oral appliance versus nasal continous positive airway pressure in the treatment of mild-moderate obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1996; 109:12269-75.
  • Gothe B, Strohl KR, Levin S, Cherniack NS, Nicotine: a diferent approach to treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. Chest 1985; 87:11-17.
  • Katsantonis GP, Schweitzer PK, Branham GH, Chambers G, Walsh JK. Management of obstructive sleep apnea: comparison of various treatment modalities.Laryngoscope. 1988; 98: 304-9.
  • Matin RJ, Sander MH, Gray BA, Pennock BE. Acute and longterm ventilatory effects of oxygen administration in adult sleep apnea syndrome. An Rev Respir Dis 1982; 125:175-180.
  • Pertruson B. Improvement of nasal airflow with nasal dilatador Nozovent. Rhinologu 1988; 26:289-292.
  • Marin Trigo JM, Arán Corbella X, Barbé Illa F, et all.Normativa sobre diagnóstico y tratamiento del síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño(SAOS).Recomendaciones SEPAR.Ediciones Doyma S.A.1993.
  • Sanders MH. Medical terapy for sleep apnea. En: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC (eds). Principles and practice of sleep medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co. 1994; 736-747.

 

   TRATAMIENTO: CPAP:

  • Ballard RD, Gay PC, Strollo PJ. Interventions to improve compliance in sleep apnea patients previously non-compliant with continuous positive airway pressure. J Clin Sleep Med. 2007;3:706–12.  [PubMed]
  • Derderian SS, Bridernbaugh H, Rajagopal KR. Neuropsychologic syntoms in bostructive sleep apnea improve after treatment with nasal continous positive airway pressure. Chest 1988; 94:1023-1027.
  • Doherty LS, Kiely JL, Lawless G, McNicholas WT. Impact of nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy on the quality of life of bed partners of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Chest. 2003; 124: 2209-14. [PubMed]
  • Engleman HM, Martin SE, Deary IJ, Douglas NJ. Effect of continuous postive airway pressure treatment on daytime function in sleep apnoea hypopnoea synbdrome. Lancet 1994; 343:572-575.
  • Kushida CA, Morgenthaler TI, Littner MR, et al. Practice parameters for the treatment of snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea with oral appliances: an update for 2005. Sleep. 2006;29:240–3. [PubMed]
  • Smith PL, Haponik EF, Bleecker ER. The effects of oxigen in patients with sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 130:956-963.
  • Sullivan CE, Issa FG, Berthon-Jones M, Eves L. Reversal of obstructive sleep apnea by continuous positive airway pressure applied through the nares. Lancet 1981; 1:862-65.
  • Frith RW, Caut BR. Severe obstructive sleep apnea treated with long-term nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Torax 1985; 40:45-50.
  • Issa FG, Sullivan CE. Reserval of central sleep apnea using nasal CPAP. Chest 1986; 90:165-171.
  • Kribbs NB, Pack AI, Kline LR, Getsy JE, Schuett JS, Henry JN, Maislin G, Dinges DF. Effects of one nigth wthout nasal CPAP treatment on sleep and sleepiness in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993; 147:1162-1168.
  • Smith PL, Wise RA, Gold AR, Schwartz RA, Permutt S. Upper airway pressure-flow relationships in bostructive sleep apnea. J Appl Physiol: Repirat Envirom Exercise Physiol 1988; 64: 789-95.
  • Sanders MH, Kern NB, constantino JP, Stiller RA, Stundnicki K, Coates J, Orris S, schimerman S. Adecuacy of prescribing positive airway pressure therapy by mask for sleep apnea on the basis of a partial-night trial. Am Rev Respir Çdis 1993; 147:1169-1174.
  • Sampol G, Sagalés TM, Toca A et al. Nasal continuous positive airwaqy pressure with supplemental oxygen in coexistent sleep apneoae-hypopnoea syndrome and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur Respir J 1996; 9:111-116.

                                         

  Capítulo 09   Tratamiento quirurgico.

  • Chabolle F, Fleury B, De Corbiére S, Pandraud L, Fréche CH. Le traitement chirurgical dy syndrome d´apnées du sommeil. Rev Mal Resp 1990; 7:451-458.
  • Chouard CH, Valty H, Meyer B, Chabolle F, Fleury B, Varicel R, Leccourreye O, Josset P. La rhonchopatie chronique ou ronflement aspects cliniques et indications thérapeutiques. Ann Otolaryngo. Paris 1986; 103:319-327.
  • Esclamado RM, Glenn MG; McCulloch TM, et al. Peri-operative complications and risk factors in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Laryngoscope 1989;99:1125-1129Fairbanks DNF. Effect of the nasal surgery on snoringe. Souther Med J 1985; 78:268-70.
  • Fairbanks y cols (Eds). Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Raven Press, New York 1987; 185-197.
  • Gilleminault C, Simmons FB, Molta J et al. Obstrutive sleep apnea syndrome and tracheostomy. Long term follow up experience. Arch Intern Med 1981; 141:985-988.
  • Hasan J, McGuigan J, Morgan M, Metthews. Minitracheotomy: a simple alternative to tracheostomy in obstructive sleep apnea. Thorax 1989; 44:224-5.
  • Ikematsu T. Study of snoring, fourt report. Therapy Japan. J Oto-Rhino-Laryngol 1964; 64:434-435.
  • Katsantonis GP, Friedman WH, Rosenblum BN, Walsh JK. The surgical treatment of snoring: a patient’s perspective.Laryngoscope. 1990; 100: 138-40.
  • Khulo W, Dool E, Fran M. Exfolgreiche Behandlung eines Pickwick Syndrome durch eine dautrichael Canule. Dtsch Med Wocheschr 1969; 94:1286.
  • Koopmann CF Jr, Moran WB Jr. Surgical management of obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1990; 23: 787-808.
  • Passali FM, Bellussi L, Mazzone S, et al. Predictive role of nasal functionality tests in the evaluation of patients before nocturnal polysomnographic recording. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2011;31:103–108.  [PubMed]
  • Simons BF. Tracheostomy for obstructive sleep apnea: Indications and techniques. En D.N.F. Kao YH, Shnayder Y, Lee KC. The efficacy of anatomically based multilevel surgery for obstructive sleep apnea.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003; 129: 327-35.
  • Séries F, St Pierre S, Carrier G,. Effects of surgical correction of nasal bstruction in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992; 146:1261-1265.
  • Smith PL, Haponik EF, Blecker ER. The effects of bstru in patients with sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis 1984; 130:958-963.

                                             

   Capítulo 10   Tratamiento quirurgico: cirugía faríngea.

  • Bear SE, Priest JH. Slepp apnea syndrome: Correction with surgical advancement of the mandible. J Oral Surg 1980;38:543-549.
  • Quesada P, Pedro-Botet J, Fuentes J y Perelló E. Resección parcial del paladar blando como tratamiento del síndrome de hipersomnia y respiración  periódica en los obesos. Acta ORL Española 1979; 30:119-124.
  • Fujita S, Conway W, Zorick F y cols. Surgical correction of anatomic abnormalities of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1981; 89: 923-934.
  • Rilley R, Guilleminault C, Powell N. Palatopharyngoplasty failure, cephalometric roentgenograms and obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Nick Surg 1985; 93:240-244.
  • Dickson RI, Blokmanis A. Tratment of obstructive sleep apnea by UPPP. Laryngoscope 97 1987; 1 Ikematsu T. PPPand partial uvulectomy method of Ikematsu: A 30-year clinical study of snoring. En: Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Raven Press, New York 1987; 130-134.054-1059.
  • Piché J, Gagnon B. Le ronflemant: physiopathologie traitement chirugical et technique modifiée d¨uvulo-palato-pharyngoplastie. J Otolaryngol 1989; 18:36-43.
  • Chabolle F, Fleury B, De Corbiére S, Pandraud L, Fréche CH. Le traitement chirurgical dy syndrome d´apnées du sommeil. Rev Mal Resp 1990; 7:451-458.
  • Crestinu JM. Intrapalatine resection (IPR) in the treatment of sleep apnea and snoring. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1991; 87: 467-9.
  • Blassin R. Treitement du ronflement par cintrage du voile au laser JFORL 1993; 42:129-132.
  • Haavisto L, Suonpaa J. Complications of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. Clin Otolaryngol 1994;9:243-247.
  • Kamami YV. Laser CO2 for snoring. Preliminary results. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1990; 44: 451-6.
  • Kamami YV. Laser-assisted outpatient septoplasty results on 120 patients.J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1997; 15: 123-9.
  • Kamami YV, Pandraud L, Bougara A. Laser-assisted outpatient septoplasty: results in 703 patients. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000; 122: 445-9.
  • Katsantonis GP, Miyazaki S, Walsh JK. Effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty on sleep architecture and patterns of obstructed breathing.Laryngoscope. 1990; 100: 1068-72.
  • Koopmann CF, Moran WB. Tratamiento quirúrgico de la apnea obstructiva del sueño. En Apnea de sueño. Clínica ORL de Norteamérica. México DF: Interamericana 1990; 4:789-809.
  • Kotecha B, Paun S, Leong P, Croft CB. Laser Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty: an objective evaluation of the technique and results. Clin Otolaryngol. 1998; 23: 354-9.
  • Mantovani M, Minetti A, Torretta S, et al. The velo-uvulopharyngeal lift or "roman blinds" technique for treatment of snoring: a preliminary report. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2012;32:48–53. [PubMed]
  • Senior BA, Rosenthal L, Lumley A, et al. Efficacy of uvulopalatoplasty in unselected patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000; 123(3):179-182.
  • Tucker WB, Toohill RJ. Transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea. Laryngoscope 1993; 103:269-276.
  • Wareing M, Mitchell D. Laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty: an assessment of a technique.J Laryngol Otol. 1996; 110: 232-6.

                                                                 

     Capítulo  11   Tratamiento quirurgico: cirugia de la hipofaringe.

  • Riley RW, Guilleminault C, Powel NB. Inferior sagital osteotomy of the mandibule with hyoid myotomy suspension: a new preocedure for obstructive sleep apnea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986; 94:589-93.
  • Riley RW, Powel NB, Guilleminault C. Inferior mandibular ostetomy and hyoids myotomy suspension of obstructive sleep apnea. A review of 55 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1989; 47:159-164.
  • Li KK, Riley RW, Powell NB, Guilleminault C. Maxillomandibular advancement for persistent obstructive sleep apnea after phase I surgery in patients without maxillomandibular deficiency. Layngoscope. 2000; 110: 1684-8.
  • Woodson BT, Derowe A, Hawke M, Wenig B, Ross EB Jr, Katsantonis GP, Mickelson SA, Bonham RE, Benbadis S.Pharyngeal suspension suture with repose bone screw for obstructive sleep apnea.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000; 122: 395-401.
  • Li KK, Riley RW, Powell NB, Troell RJ. Obstructive sleep apnea surgery: genioglossus advancement revisited. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001; 59: 1181-4.
  • Li KK, Troell RJ, Riley RW, Powell NB, Koester U, Guilleminault C. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, maxillomandibular advancement, and the velopharynx. Laryngoscope. 2001; 111: 1075-8.
  • Li KK, Guilleminault C, Riley RW, Powell NB. Obstructive sleep apnea and maxillomandibular advancement: an assessment of airway changes using radiographic and nasopharyngoscopic examinations. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002; 60: 526-30.

    COMPLICACIONES QUIRÚRGICAS.

  • Altermatt H, Gebbrs J, Sommerhalder A et all. Histopatologic findings in a posterior pharingeal wall eight years after treatment of velar insufficiency with Teflon inyection. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 1985; 64:582-585.
  • Katsantonis GP, Friedman WH, Krebs FJ 3rd, Walsh JK. Nasopharyngeal complications following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty.Laryngoscope. 1987; 97: 309-14.
  • Ghorayeb B. Cicatricial velopharyngeal stenosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1988; 114:192-194.
  • Yuval Zohar MD, Yehuda Finkelstein etall. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty: Evaluation of preoperative complications, sequelae, and results. Laryngoscope 1991; 101:775-779.
  • Rombaux P, Hamoir M, Bertrand B, Aubert G, Liistro G, Rodenstein D. Postoperative pain and side effects after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty, and radiofrequency tissue volume reduction in primary snoring. Laryngoscope. 2003; 113: 2169-73.

                                                    

   Capítulo 12.   SAOS en la infancia.

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  • Ali NJ, Pitson DJ, Stradling JR. Sleep disordered breathing: effects of adenotonsillectomy on behavior and psychological functioning. Eur J Pediatr 1996;155:56-62.
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  • American Thoracic society Oficial Statement Standards and indications for cardiopulmonary sleep studies in chindren. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1996;153:866-878.
  • Amin RS, Kimball TR, Bean JA. Left ventricular hypertrophy and abnormal ventricular geometry in children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;165:1395-9.
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  • Blunden S, Lushington K, Kennedy D, et al. Behavior and neurocognitive performance in children aged 5–10 years who snore compared to controls. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2000;22:554–568.  [PubMed] 
  • Brouillette R, Hanson D, David R. A diagnostic approach to suspected obstructive sleep apnea in children. J Pediatr 1984;105:10-4.
  • Brouillette R, Hanson D. David R et al. A diagnostic approach to suspected obstructive sleep apnea in children. J Pediatr 1984; 105: 10-14.
  • Chervin RD, Dillon JE, Bassetti C, Ganoczy DA, Pituch KJ. Symptons of sleep disorders, inattention, and hyperactivity in children. Sleep 1997;20:1185-92.
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  • Friedman M, Gurpinar B, Lin HC, et al. Impact of treatment of gastroesophageal reflux on obstructive sleep apnea–hypopnea syndrome. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2007;116:805–811. [PubMed] 
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  • Gold AR, Schwartz AR, Bleecker ER, Smith PL. The effect of chronic nocturnal oxygen administration upon sleep apnea. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986;134:925–929.
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  • Gozal D. Sleep-disorderred breathing and school performance in children. Pediatrics 1998: 102:616-620.
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  • Hill W. On some causes of backwardness and stupidity in children: and the relief of these symtoms in some instances by naso-pharyngeal scarifications. Br Med J ((clin Res) 1989; 2:711-712.
  • Hirshkowitz M, Black JE, Wesnes K, et al. Adjunct armodafinil improves wakefulness and memory in obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome. Respir Med. 2007;101:616–627. [PubMed] 
  • Johnson GM Todd DW. Cor pulmonale in severe Pierre Robin syndrome. Pediatrics 1980; 65:152.
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  • Mora R, Salami A, Passali FM, Mora F, Cordone MP, Ottoboni S, Barbieri M. OSAS in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 Dec;67 Suppl 1:S229-31.
  • Owens J, Opipari L, Nobile C, Spirito A. Sleep and daytime behavior in children with obstructive sleep apnea and behavior disorders. Pediatrics 1998;102:1178-84.
  • Piumetto E, Sammartano AM, Meinardi G, et al. Diagnostic and therapeutic iter in paediatric OSAS: personal experience. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2011;31:149–153.  [PubMed]
  • Rhodes SK, Shimoda KC, Waid LR. Neurocognitive deficitsin morbidly obese children with obstructive sleep apnea. J Pediatr 1995;127:741-4. [PubMed]
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  • Wing YK, Hui SH, Pak WM, Ho CK, Cheung A, Li AM, Fok TF. A controlled study of sleep related disordered breathing in obese children. Arch Dis Child. 2003; 88: 1043-7.